Treaties and Agreements

The Australian Government is a party to the following treaties and agreements:

United Nations

  • The 1967 Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, including the Moon and other Celestial Bodies

  • The 1968 Agreement on the Rescue of Astronauts, the Return of Astronauts and the Return of Objects Launched into Outer Space

  • The 1972 Convention on International Liability for Damage Caused by Space Objects

  • The 1975 Convention on Registration of Objects Launched into Outer Space

  • The 1979 Agreement Governing the Activities of States on the Moon and other Celestial Bodies

United Nations space treaties, conventions, and agreements can be found on the United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs website.  

Treaty Agreements

  • Agreement between the Government of Australia and the European Space Agency for a Co-operative Space Vehicle Tracking Program (2011)

  • Agreement between the Government of Australia and the Government of the United States of America to further amend and extend the Agreement concerning Space Vehicle Tracking and Communication Facilities (original 1960, last amended in 2010, and renewed in 2012)

  • Agreement between the Government of Australia and the Government of the United States of America to Amend and Extend the Agreement concerning the Conduct of Scientific Balloon Flights for Civil Research Purposes (original 1992, updated 2006, and renewed in 2012)

  • Agreement between the Government of Australia and the Government of Russia Federation on Cooperation in the Field of the Exploration and Uses of Outer Space for Peaceful Purposes. (entered into force 2004)