Australia is a State Party to the Convention on Registration of Objects Launched into Outer Space.

In line with our obligations under this Convention, we publish a register of objects launched into outer space, as authorised under the:

Space objects under the Space (Launches and Returns) Act 2018

Space object registration number Space object name Launch countries Launch facility Launch date Basic orbital parameters       General function
          Nodal period (minutes) Inclination (degrees) Apogee (kilometres) Perigee (kilometres)  
05/2023 SpIRIT Australia, Italy, and United States Vandenberg Space Force Base, California, United States 2 December 2023 94.921 min 97.4 524 505 Demonstrate a fully operational 6U Australian nanosatellite platform on-orbit and operate the HERMES payload from the Italian Space Agency as complement to the HERMES constellation.
03/2023
03/2023-A
03/2023-B
03/2023-C
 
Skykraft-3,
Skykraft-3A,
Skykraft-3B,
Skykraft-3C.
Australia, United States Vandenberg Space Force Base, California, United States 13 June 2023 95.13,
95.10,
95.09,
95.11.
97.52,
97.52,
97.52,
97.52.
534,
532,
532,
533.
516,
515,
515,
515.
The Skykraft-3 series of spacecraft are technology demonstrators and pathfinders for the roll-out of Skykraft’s space-based Air Traffic Management constellation. These spacecrafts will demonstrate ADS-B and VHF capabilities from space.

02/2022-A,
02/2022-B,
02/2022-C,
02/2022-D and
02/2022-E

Skykraft-1,
Skykraft-1a,
Skykraft-1b,
Skykraft-1c and
Skykraft-1d

Australia, United States

Cape Canaveral Space Force Station, Florida, United States

4 January 2023 (AEST)

95.1

97.49

535.4

515.9

The main spacecraft and 4 constellation spacecraft are technology demonstrators and pathfinders for the roll-out of a space-based Air Traffic Management constellation.

01/2022 Centauri-5 Australia, United States Cape Canaveral Space Force Station, Florida, United States 25/05/2022 95.23 97.52 536 523 Provide communication with the Fleet network.

01/2021-B

M2-B

Australia
New Zealand

Mahia Peninsula, NZ

22/03/2021

95

45

558

545

Support testing of systems designed by ISW, including decoupling, artificial intelligence and space situational awareness capabilities.

06/2021

CUAVA-1

Australia, United States of America, Japan.

Kennedy Space Centre, United States of America

6 October 2021 deployed from the International Space Station (Launched to the International Space Station on 29 August 2021)

92

61.6432

421

418

Scientific research, technology demonstration, linking with the international radio amateur community, national capacity building.

(Object no longer in orbit.)

05/2021

EG-3

Australia, United States of America

Cape Canaveral Space Force Station, Florida, United States

30 June 2021

98

96

650

650

EG-3 will be used to expand EchoStar Global test fleet and bring into use EchoStar’s International Telecommunications Union spectrum rights for SIRION-1.

04/2021

Binar-1

Australia, United States of America, Japan.

Kennedy Space Centre, United States of America

6 October 2021 deployed from the International Space Station (Launched to the International Space Station on 29 August 2021)

92.797

51.6396

416

405

Technical demonstrator of university designed and built hardware and software.

(Object no longer in orbit.)

03/2021

Centauri-4

Australia, United States of America

Cape Canaveral Space Force Station, Florida, United States

30 June 2021

95.22

97.52

538

521

Communications relay for customer IoT data through S-Band radio.

02/2021

Centauri 3

Australia
New Zealand

Mahia Peninsula, NZ

22/03/2021

95

45

547

558

Provide communication with the Fleet network.

01/2021-A

M2 (now M2-A)

Australia
New Zealand

Mahia Peninsula, NZ

22/03/2021

95

45

559

545

Support testing of systems designed by UNSW, including decoupling, artificial intelligence and space situational awareness capabilities. Two near-identifical 6U Cubesats, initially joined, M2 separated into two satellies (M2-A and M2-B).

06/2020

Myriota 7 (Tyvak-0152)

Australia
New Zealand

Mahia Peninsula, NZ

22/03/2021

95

45

566

554

Direct-to-orbit satellite connectivity for Internet of Things devices.

03/2020

EG-2 (Tyvak 0171)

Australia
France

Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana

3/09/2020

94

97.51

549

529

Telecommunications

02/2020

EG-1 (Tyvak 0172)

Australia
United States of America

Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, USA

31/08/2020

 

96

97.87

621

601

Telecommunications

01/2020

M2 Pathfinder

Australia
New Zealand

Mahia Peninsula, NZ

13/06/2020

97

97.70

604

584

Telecommunications

Space objects under the Space Activities Act 1998 (previous legislation)

 

Space object registration number

Space object name

Launch countries

Launch facility

Launch date

Basic orbital parameters

     

General function

         

Nodal period (hours, minutes)

Inclination (degrees)

Apogee (kilometres)

Perigee (kilometres)

 

01/2019
(registration information gathered on the 20/09/2019)

ACRUX-1

Australia
New Zealand

Mahia Peninsula, NZ

29/06/2019

93

45.01

450

450

Monitoring health of the satellite subsystems for learning purposes. Validation of a novel attitude control system and capability-building for future missions.
(Object no longer in orbit)

02/2018
(registration information gathered on the 20/09/2019)

M1

Australia
United States of America

Vandenberg Air Force Base, USA

3/12/2018

96

 

97.76

583

581

Research satellite equipped with automatic identification system (AIS) and automatic dependent surveillance-broadcast (ADS–B) receivers and a software-defined radio.

(Note: the space object is no longer functional)

04/2018
(registration information gathered on the 20/09/2019)

Sirion Pathfinder-2

Australia
United States of America

Vandenberg Air Force Base, USA

03/12/2018

96

97.76

592

573

Telecommunications

03/2018
(registration information gathered on the 20/09/2019)

Centauri-2

Australia
United States of America

Vandenberg Air Force Base, USA

03/12/2018

96

97.769

498

473

Telecommunications
(Object no longer in orbit)

01/2018
(registration information gathered on the 20/09/2019)

Centauri-1

Australia
India

Satish Dhawan Space Centre, India

29/11/2018

94

97.48

592

570

Telecommunications

05/2018
(registration information gathered on the 20/09/2019)

Proxima II

Australia
New Zealand

Mahia Peninsula, NZ

11/11/2018

94

85.03

515

488

Telecommunications

05/2018
(registration information gathered on the 20/09/2019)

Proxima I

Australia
New Zealand

Mahia Peninsula, NZ

11/11/2018

92

85.03

515

488

Telecommunications

05/2016
(registration information gathered on the 15/10/2018)

Buccaneer RMM

Australia
United States of America

Vandenberg Air Force Base, USA

18/11/2017

97

97.7

819

 

460

Engaged in the deployment and stabilization of a large flexible antenna and the operation of various electronic subsystems in space.

01/2015
(registration information gathered on the 15/10/2018)

NBN Co1B/Sky Muster II

Australia
France

Guiana Space Centre, Kourou, French Guiana

05/10/2016

N/A (in geostationary orbit) – orbital period is approximately 23 hours, 56 minutes.

0.00 ± 0.05

35,780

35,780

 

Broadband telecommunications within Australia and nearby islands under Australian jurisdiction.

01/2015
(registration information gathered on the 15/10/2018)

NBN Co1A/Sky Muster

Australia
France

Guiana Space Centre, Kourou, French Guiana

30/09/2015

N/A (in geostationary orbit) – orbital period is approximately 23 hours, 56 minutes.

0.00 ± 0.05

 

35,780

35,780

Broadband telecommunications within Australia and nearby islands under Australian jurisdiction.

01/2014
(registration information gathered on the 22/07/2015)

Optus 10

Australia
France

Guiana Space Centre, Kourou, French Guiana

11/9/2014

N/A (in geostationary orbit) –orbital period is approximately 23 hours, 56 minutes.

0.00 ± 0.05

35,786

35,786

Commercial telecommunications within Australia, New Zealand and nearby islands.

01/2009
(registration information gathered on the on the 21/09/2009)

Optus D3

Australia
France

Guiana Space Centre, Kourou, French Guiana

21/08/2009

N/A (in geostationary orbit) –the orbital period is approximately 23 hours, 56 minutes.

0.0 ± 0.05

35,780

 

35,780

Commercial telecommunications within
Australia, New Zealand and nearby islands.

01/2006
(registration information gathered on the 10/12/ 2007)

Optus D2

Australia
France

Guiana Space Centre, Kourou, French Guiana

05/10/2007

N/A (in geostationary orbit) – the orbital period is approximately 23 hours, 56 minutes.

0.0 ± 0.05

35,780

35,780

 

Commercial telecommunications in
Australia, New Zealand, nearby islands
and parts of the Antarctic.

01/2006
(registration information gathered on the on the 22/12/2008)

Optus D1

Australia
France

Guiana Space Centre, Kourou, French Guiana

13/10/2006

N/A (in geostationary orbit) – the orbital period is approximately
23 hours, 56 minutes.

0.0 ± 0.05

35,780

35,780

Commercial telecommunications within
Australia, New Zealand, nearby islands and parts of the Antarctic.

01/2003
(registration information on the 2/09/2003)

Optus C1

Australia
France

Guiana Space Centre, Kourou, French Guiana

11/06/2003

N/A (in geostationary orbit) – the orbital period is approximately 23 hours, 56 minutes.

0.0 ± 0.05

35,786

35,786

The satellite is used for commercial and defence communications purposes.

01/2002
(registration information gathered on the 2/09/2003)

Fedsat 1 Satellite

Australia
Japan

Tanegashima Space Centre, Japan

14/12/2002

101

98.66

814

801

The satellite is on a scientific and engineering research mission for peaceful space applications and carries payloads for communications, navigation, space science and for developing improved satellite computing systems.

Our department recognises the First Peoples of this Nation and their ongoing cultural and spiritual connections to the lands, waters, seas, skies, and communities.

We Acknowledge First Nations Peoples as the Traditional Custodians and Lore Keepers of the oldest living culture and pay respects to their Elders past and present. We extend that respect to all First Nations Peoples.